VMware Fusion and Windows Server 8 Beta with Hyper-V 3.0
Mar05

VMware Fusion and Windows Server 8 Beta with Hyper-V 3.0

It’s been a couple of days since Microsoft announced it’s customer preview of it’s upcoming Windows 8. In the shades of it’s customer preview Microsoft also presented it’s new server product: Windows Server 8 beta.

As a VMware (virtualization) junkie I think you should always look at what the competition is offering. So I downloaded the Server 8 beta (Download here) and wanted to get it working within a VM in VMware Fusion on my Mac Book Pro (MBP).

I’ll do a step by step guide getting everything up and running.

First you’ll have to make sure you have the windows server 8 beta ISO on your MBP, as well as VMware Fusion (download a 30-day trial here). I will not do the Fusion install, but this is a straight forward process so you should be able to get it up and running in no time.

So let’s start with installing Windows server 8:

First of all open VMware fusion and Select the Create New VM:

Create New

In the Introduction screen press continue:

Snap 2012 03 03 at 22 31 39

In the installation media screen select the choose a disc or disc image:

Choose a disc

In the Choose a disc or Image window select the Windows server 8 Beta ISO and press open:

Choose iso

In the Choose operating System screen select Microsoft Windows as OS and Windows Server 2008 R2 x64 as Version and Press Continue:

OS Choose

At the Finish screen press Customize Settings:

Customize Settings

There will be a pop-up to save the VM. Choose a VM Name (step 1) the VM location (step 2) and press Save (step 3)

Save as VM

In the Settings screen press Processors and Memory to give your VM extra resources:

Processorandmem

In the Processor and Memory screen edit the settings as you wish (2 CPU and 4096 MB RAM in my case) After that press close:

ProcessorandMem1

Now we’ll start the Windows Server 8 Beta installation. Press the big Play button:

StartInstall

The Installation process starts and the first screen is the language settings. Choose your settings and press Next:

Choose settings

In the next screen press the Install Now button:

Install Now

In the select the OS you want to install screen select the Server with a GUI option, and press the Next button:

Select right OS

In the which type of installation do you want screen press on Custom:

Custom Install

In the where do you want to install windows screen, select the right drive (if needed) and press Next:

Drive Selection

After the installation is finished enter the administrator password (twice) and press finish:

Finish install

The next screen will ask you to do a Ctrl+Alt+Del, with no del key on a MBP you have two options. Option 1 is explained in the screenshot below. The other one is to press the fn+ctrl+alt+backspace keys at once:

SendCRTLALTDEL

In the following screen enter your password and press enter:

Enter password

Accept the Windows error Reporting Privacy Statement:

ErrorReporting

After this it’s time to setup Hyper-V. In the Server Manager Dashboard (startup screen) choose the local server and from the Manage drop down menu choose Add Roles and Features:

AddRoles1

In the before you begin window check the “Skip this by default” box and press next:

AddRoles2

In the installation type window, choose role-based or feature-based installation and click Next:

AddRoles3

In the Server Selection Screen select your server and Click Next:

AddRoles4

In the Server Roles screen Check the Hyper-V box:

Addroles5

In the Hyper-V pop-up screen check the “include management tools” box and click Add Features:

AddRoles6

There will be another pop-up saying Hyper-V can’t be installed because a hypervisor is already installed:

AddRoles7

To solve this problem we have to edit the vmx file, and do some additional settings. To shutdown the press Fn+Ctrl+Alt+Backspace, then press the power button and shut down:

Shutdown

After the VM is shutdown we need to open the VMX file. Go to the VM in the VM Library and enter the Server 8 VM’s Menu. Hold the Alt key and press “open config file in editor”:

Virtual Machine Library

In the VMX file add the following lines:

vhv.enable = “TRUE”
hypervisor.cpuid.v0 = “FALSE”
mce.enable = “TRUE”

VMXaddlines

Close the file and Right click the VM again and press settings:

SettingsIntel

In the setting screen press advanced:

ClickAdvanced

IN the Advanced screen select “Intel VT-x with EPT” from the Preferred virtualization engine and press close:

Select VM engine

Close all windows and restart the VM. After the restart re-open the Add Roles installation and check the Hyper-V box again:

Select HyperV role

In the Virtual Switches box check one (or more) network adapter boxes and press Next:

Create Virtual Switches

In the Confirmation screen Check the restart option box, confirm yes in the pop-up and click finish to install the Hyper-V role:

InstallScreen

After the installation and restart open the hyper-V manager and create a new VM:

The End

That’s it, you’re done! Good luck running Hyper-V within a Fusion VM. If you’ve any question, just leave a message.

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Step by step installation guide installing a RD Session Host with RemoteFX (Part 3)
Nov27

Step by step installation guide installing a RD Session Host with RemoteFX (Part 3)

So in part 1 and part 2 we installed a Hyper-V host and a Remote Desktop Session Host both with Server 2008 R2 SP1. This means we are ready to rumble.

Sorry to be the partypooper but that’s not exactly true, yet. Let’s see what i mean:

part31

When examening my Hyper-V host and selecting the settings for my WINSRRDSH01 server. I see there is a RemoteFX Video Adapter option but it’s greyed out. So what should we do to be able to add (and use) RemoteFX?

There are a couple of needs for this, but let’s start with the obvious, the Hyper-V host. On the host we must do four things to enable RemoteFX:

  1. Make sure SP1 RC for Windows Server 2008 R2 is installed. (If you didn’t already, download it here. And install it)
  2. Add the Remote Desktop Services / RemoteFX role
  3. Use GPedit.msc to set RemoteFX compression
  4. Set Windows Firewall

So let’s check or set them step by step:

Make sure SP1 RC for Windows Server 2008 R2 is installed

  • Go to Start and right click on Computer in the menu click on Properties. In the screen you’ll see if SP1 is installed:

Hyper-VRemoteFX1

If you didn’t install SP1 by now, do so by following this link.

Add the Remote Desktop Services / RemoteFX role

Go to start go to administrative tools and click Server Manager. The Server Manager window will open:

ServerManager

Go to Roles and on the right side click on Add Roles:

Roles1 Roles2

The Before you begin screen will show, click Next. The Select Server Roles window will show. Select Remote Desktop Services and click Next:

part32

The Remote Desktop Services role will show. Click Next:

part33

The Select Role Services window will Show. Click RemoteFX, there will be a Add Roles Wizard popup (click Add Required Role Services) and click Next:

part35

part34

The Confirm Installation Selections window will show. Click Install:

part36

And after install the Installation Results window will show. Click close, and on the reboot window clik yes:

part37

part38

After reboot log back in and let the installation continue. The Installation Results window shows. Click close:

part39

We’re almost there, just a couple more changes and we’re ready to try RemoteFX….

Let’s begin with giving our RDS Host a RemoteFX 3D video adapter. In the Server Manager go to the Hyper-V host and right click on the RDS vm, click settings.

Click Add Hardware select the RemoteFX 3D Video Adapter and click add:

part312

The RemoteFX 3D video adapter will be added, you can then choose the maximum monitors and resolution options (for me 1 monitor 1280 x 1024). Click Apply:

part313

Just to be sure memory will not be a bottleneck we’ll set dynamic memory (see this post for more info). Select Memory, select memory and set Maximum RAM. Click OK:

part315

On the host, the guest and the client, the following firewall settings must be changed, Remote Desktop – RemoteFX select all 3 (just to be sure ;-)):

Firewall

The last settings need to be made on the RD Session Host and the client computer. First the RDSH go to start, run and enter gpedit.msc press enter:

In the Group Policy Editor Console go to Computer Settings, Administrative templates, Windows Components, Remote Desktop Services, Remote Desktop Session Host, Remote Session Environment, and double click on Configure RemoteFX:

GPEDIT1

In the Configure RemoteFX window select enable and click OK:

GPEDIT2

That’s it for the RD Session Host. For the client we can do some tuning. Go to start run gpedit.msc press enter, and go to the same folder as you did on the RDSH. So go to Computer Settings, Administrative templates, Windows Components, Remote Desktop Services, Remote Desktop Session Host, Remote Session Environment, and double click on Optimize visual Experience when using RemoteFX:

CLIENTsettings

In the Optimize visual exprience… window select enable and set Screen capture Rate and Screen Capture Quality to Higest, and press OK:

CLIENTsettings1

Your al set to test RemoteFX on a RD Session Host now! Start a mstsc.exe and go to experience. Set the performance on LAN (10 Mbps or higher):

CLIENTsettings2

On the general tab set the name to the name of your RD Session Host and click connect to set up a connection. To check if RemoteFX is installed correctly do the following check. Log in to the RD Session host with administrative rights. Go to start, administrative tools and click on event viewer. In event viewer go to Application and Services\Logs\Microsoft\Windows\RemoteDesktopServices-RemoteDesktopSession Manager. If the your client computer is connected to the RDSH by using RemoteFX for Remote Desktop Session Host, Event ID 1000 will be shown:

CLIENTsettings0

The installation of RemoteFX is completed! Hope it works as good for you as it did for me! See you on the next post!

Download PDF of Part 1, Part 2 or Part 3

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Step by step installation guide installing a RD Session Host with RemoteFX (Part 2)
Nov25

Step by step installation guide installing a RD Session Host with RemoteFX (Part 2)

In part 1 of this post we installed a Hyper-V host and a Server 2008 R2 VM on it. To be able to install and use RemoteFX it is necessary to add  the Remote Desktop Session Host Role to the VM. In this post we’ll do that, step by step.

To enlarge the screenshots you can click on them!

Log in to the guest VM (WINSRRDSH01 in my case) and go to start, administrative tools and click on Server Management:

Capture

Click on Roles and on the right side on Add Roles. The Select Server Roles window will show. Select Remote Desktop Services and click Next:

RDSH01

The Remote Desktop Services Window shows. Click Next:

RDSH02

The Select Role Services Window Shows. Select Remote Desktop Session Host and click Next:

RDSH03

The authentication Method for RDSH will show. select Do not … (you can change this if you want) and click Next:

RDSH05

The Specify Licensing Mode window will show. Select Configure Later and click Next:

RDSH06

The Select User Groups Allowed Access to this RDSH server window will show. click Next and leave Administrators as default:

RDSH07

The Configure Client Experience window will show. Select all three options and click Next:

RDSH08

The Confirm Installation Selections window will show. Click Install.

RDSH10

After installation the installation results window will show. Click Close

RDSH11

And click Yes to reboot the server:

RDSH13

After the reboot log on to the server, and let the installation do it’s final thing. The last window will show. Click Close:

RDSH09

This is the end of part 2. We’ve now installed the Hyper-V server role, and a Guest VM running Server 2008 R2 SP1 with the Remote Desktop Session Host Role installed.

In the Part 3 of this post we’ll finally go to configure RemoteFX.

Download the PDF for Part 2 Here

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Step by step installation guide installing a RD Session Host with RemoteFX (Part 1)
Nov25

Step by step installation guide installing a RD Session Host with RemoteFX (Part 1)

The last couple weeks there’s a lot of talk about Microsoft Teched Europe 2010 and a lot of it is about RemoteFX. There are some great posts on the net about what RemoteFX is, and what the future will be for it. Here are some links that caught my attention:

Reading all this info made me interested on how to install it on my home lab, and if it was even possible. To keep the post readablei devided the post into three parts:

  • Part 1: Step by step installing Hyper-V (Host) and
  • Part 2: preparing the VM for Remote Desktop Session Host (Guest)
  • Part 3: Step by step enabling RemoteFX.

This is part 1 so lets start with installing Hyper-V. I’ll presume you’ll have system running Windows Server 2008 R2 with SP1 RC installed. I’ll also will not show how to install the VM for the RDSH, that’s a simple next, next finish install, which you already done installing the Hyper-V host.

To enlarge the screenshots just click on them!

For the installation of Hyper-V click on start and go to Administrative Tools and click on System Manager, which will open the following window:

ServerManager

On the Left side highlight Roles (see first screenshot below), and then click add roles (the second):

Roles1 Roles2

When you’ve done this the Before You Begin window will show, in which you’ll click next:

Hyper v

When you clicked Next the Select Server Roles window will show, in which you select Hyper-V, and click Next:

Hyper v1

The Hyper-V window will show, in which you’ll click Next:

Hyper v2

The Create Virtual Networks window will show, in which you’ll choose the appropriate network card(s) and click next:

Hyper v3

The Confirm Installation Selections window will show, in which you’ll click Install:

Hyper v4

After installing the Hyper-V role the Installation Results window shows, in which you’ll choose Close:

Hyper v5

After clicking close this window will show, click Yes to restart the server:

Hyper v6

When the server rebooted, and you’re logged in, the installation will finish with the following window:

Hyper v7

The installation of Hyper-V is now done! Let’s install the Remote Desktop Session Host. Click on Start go to Administrative tools and open System Manager again:

ServerManager

Go to roles on the left side and click on it. Go to Hyper-V, Hyper-V Manager and right click on the server. Select New Virtual machine

Part21

The Before you Begin window will show in which we’ll press Next:

Part22

The Specify Name and Location window will show, in which we can give the VM a name (WINSRRDSH01 in my case) and where we can set the location in which the VM will be stored. When we set Name and location we’ll click Next:

Part23

The Assign Memory window will show. I’ve given the VM 1024 MB’s of memory, but we’ll adjust that later with Dynamic Memory (also new to SP1), and click next:

part24

The Configure Networking window will show. Select the network card you want to use and click Next:

part25

The Connect Virtual Hard Disk window will show. I only did a reset of of the filesize, because 40 GB is more then enough. click Next:

part26

The Installation Options window will show. I have an iso file for the server installation which I select, and click Next:

part27

The Completing the New Virtual Machine Wizard window shows, if it meets your needs click Finish. The VM will be created.

part28

Perform a normal Windows Server 2008 R2 installation, and install SP1 RC on it.

If you’re done installing, let’s proceed to part 2. Implementing a Remote Desktop Session Host.

Download this post in PDF

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